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Glossary

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A

Acoustic Control Induction System (ACIS)

Different engine demands require different airflow rates. The Acoustic Control Induction System (ACIS) alters the length of the air intake system according to the engines requirements to provide the maximum performance & fuel economy in all engine speed ranges and throttle openings.

Acoustic Noise-Reducing Front Windscreen

This windscreen is essentially a sandwich consisting of a thin layer of clear plastic bonded between two sheets of glass.

The special plastic layer helps dampen exterior noises and vibrations for a quieter and more enjoyable interior environment.

Active Front Headrests

In the event of a rear-end collision, the force of the occupants body is applied to the seatback, pushing the headrest upwards and forwards to help reduce whiplash injury.

Active Torque Control 4WD

Active Torque Control engages the rear wheels only when necessary to provide stable acceleration when starting off from rest, and for improved cornering performance.

A 4WD manual locking switch is located on the dash to provide maximum torque distribution to the rear wheels if required.

Active Traction Control (A-TRC)

Using sensors at all four wheels to monitor a loss of traction, Active Traction Control (A-TRC) uses the Anti-lock Braking System to reduce wheelspin and transfer drive to the wheel with the most traction.

Adaptive Front lighting System (AFS)

The Adaptive Front lighting System (AFS) provides excellent visibility when cornering at night, enabling the driver to see potential hazards earlier.

AFS adjusts the direction of the headlights in relation to the position of the steering wheel, providing better illumination of the road ahead.

Adaptive Variable Suspension (AVS)

This advanced system electronically monitors and adapts the suspension to provide the best combination of ride and handling in all driving conditions regardless of the amount of occupants or cargo.

Adaptive Variable Suspension (AVS) is a computer controlled system that continuously adjusts the suspension to control vehicle movements such as body roll in corners and nose diving under braking, as well as providing the maximum tyre contact when driving off-road.

Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)

Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) modulates the brake pressure during an emergency stop to prevent the wheels from locking. This allows the driver to maintain steering control under heavy braking to help avoid a collision.

Approach Angle

Revers to the maximum gradient that the vehicle can approach without the lower leading edge of the front bumper hitting the ground.

The closer the angle is to 90 degrees the better the vehicle will be for off-road work, i.e. a larger approach angle means an increased ability to cross severe terrain.

Australian Design Rule (ADR)

Australian Design Rule (ADR) prescribes the fuel consumption labelling requirements for light vehicles and the test procedures for determining the fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emission results reported on the label.

Automatic Disconnecting Differential (ADD)

Provides an easy method of engaging or disengaging the front wheels for part-time 4 wheel drive vehicles.

When the driver operates the transfer lever to select 4 wheel drive or 2 wheel drive, the ADD shift actuator locks or frees the front drive shaft.

This means that the driver does not need to get out of the vehicle to operate the front hub locks as they are no longer required.

Automatic Headlights

When the headlight switch is set to 'Auto' and the ignition is switched on, the light sensor will automatically detect dim, dull light conditions and switch the headlights, park lights and tail lights on. When the light conditions improve, the auto headlight system switches the lights off.

Automatic High Beam System (AHB)

AHB uses a small camera located in front of the inside rear view mirror that detects the lights of an oncoming vehicle and automatically switches the headlights to low beam, then back to high beam once the vehicle has passed.

The system is also designed to detect the tail lights of a vehicle in front and switch to low beam, then back to high beam when the vehicle turns off or is passed.

Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR)

ALR is activated by pulling the shoulder belt all the way out, then letting it retract to the desired length before buckling the child seat in place.

Unbuckling the belt and allowing it to fully retract deactivates the ALR mechanism.

Axle (or Wheel) Articulation

This term indicates the ability of one axle to move relative to the other, e.g. left wheel up, right wheel down.

It may be used as a guide as to how the tyres can remail in contact with the ground (and therefore retain traction) while an individual wheel is lifted off the ground by an obstacle on a very bumpy uneven track.

Ideally, the body remains generally level while the axles work at angles to navigate uneven ground.

Airbags, SRS

SRS airbags are designed as a supplement to the seat belts, to provide protection in a severe collision by slowing an occupant’s motion as evenly as possible and helping to prevent the occupant’s bodies from impact with the interior of the vehicle.

B

Blind Spot Monitor (BSM)

BSM uses a radar system to detect vehicles or larger objects present in the driver’s blind spots (areas that cannot be seen using the outer mirrors alone).

When the system detects that a vehicle or large object is present in a blind spot, it will inform the driver by illuminating the BSM indicator light in the corresponding outer mirror.

If the indicators are operated with a vehicle or large object present in the blind spot, the BSM indicator light in the corresponding outer mirror will blink as an additional warning for the driver.

Brake Assist (BA)

In emergency situations some drivers do not apply sufficient pressure on the brake pedal to enable the cars braking system to be employed to its maximum effect.

Brake Assist (BA) measures the speed and force with which the brake pedal is pushed to determine whether the driver is attempting an emergency stop. If that is the case, BA applies additional brake pressure to allow the Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) to function to its full extent. Once the driver intentionally eases up on the brake pedal the system reduces the amount of assistance provided.

 


Brake Override System

The Brake Override System is designed to reduce the engine speed to idle if both the accelerator and brake pedals are pushed at the same time.

The system ensures that the brake takes precedence over the accelerator pedal so the vehicle can be controlled if the accelerator pedal becomes trapped.

Operation:
The Brake Override System operates when the ollowing conditions are met:

  1. The throttle opening is greater than 1/3.
  2. Vehicle speed is above approximately 10 km/h.
  3. Brakes are applied firmly for more than 1/2 second.

C

Conversation Mirror

Integrated into the sunglasses holder in the roof-mounted console above the rear view mirror, a wide-angle conversation mirror allows the driver to view all occupants of the second and third seating rows without the need to turn around.

CRAWL Control

CRAWL Control acts as an ‘off-road cruise control system’ that can automatically maintain a steady low speed by controlling both the engine output and the brakes across the challenging terrain.

CRAWL Control manages the engine and brakes with no driver input to maintain a very low and uniform speed, both uphill and downhill, with minimal spinning or locking of the wheels.

Wear on the drive-train is reduced and terrain damage is minimised as the driver is free to concentrate on steering the vehicle whilst the system delivers maximum control and stability.

Cruise Control

Long journeys can be tiring, even in the most comfortable vehicles. Cruise Control allows the driver to set their preferred speed and then remove their foot from the accelerator. This gives the driver more opportunity to concentrate on the prevailing road conditions and the other traffic.

A light steep on the brake pedal and Cruise Control is cancelled immediately, returning full control of the car to the driver. The previous set speed can be resumed by pressing the switch, or selecting a new speed that is more appropriate to the conditions.

Cruise Control can be overridden at any time to increase speed, for example when overtaking. Releasing the accelerator pedal allows the vehicle to return to the speed that was previously set.

D

D-4D Direct Injection System

D-4D is a Direct injection, 4 stroke, common rail Diesel fuel injection system that is now fitted to all Toyota diesel engines. D-4D is designed to provide higher power outputs, better fuel economy, lower exhaust emissions and lower noise & vibration than a conventional diesel fuel injection system. 

Common Rail Fuel System

The common rail fuel system then injects finely atomised fuel at extremely high pressure directly into the combustion chamber resulting in higher power outputs, better fuel economy, lower exhaust emissions and lower noise & vibration than a conventional diesel engine.

Fuel Injection

The secret of D-4D’s outstanding performance is an electronic control unit that accurately calculates the fuel injection pressure, timing and volume according to how the vehicle is being driven and the demands being made on the engine.

Daytime Running Lights (DRL)

Daytime Running Lights (DRL) are fitted to the front of a vehicle to make it easier to see in daylight.

They consume very little power and are illuminated whenever the vehicle is being driven and the park lights or headlights are turned off.

Departure Angle

Refers to the maximum gradient that the vehicle can leave without the lower trailing edge of the rear bumper contacting the ground.

The closer the angle is to 90 degrees the better the vehicle will be for off-road work i.e. a larger departure angle means an increased ability to cross severe terrain.

Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)

The Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) is a device designed to reduce emissions by removing diesel particulate matter (or soot) from the exhaust gas of a diesel engine. 

Double Locking System

The Double Locking System is designed to prevent unauthorised access to the vehicle by disabling both the interior & exterior door locking functions.

Models with this system have labels on the window glass of both front doors.

To set the Double Locking System, close the doors and either:

  • Touch the sensor on the outside door handle twice within 5 seconds (if equipped with Smart Entry System)

or

  • Press the lock button on the wireless remote control twice within 5 seconds

Double Overhead Camshafts (DOHC)

Improves engine performance and efficiency.

A Double Overhead Cam (DOHC) engine uses separate camshafts to open the intake and exhaust valves, and features four valves per cylinder. This design allows the engine to breathe better resulting in better efficiency, smoother running and a higher power output.

Downhill-Assist Control (DAC)

Downhill Assist Control (DAC) is designed to keep the vehicle at a low and constant speed to allow the driver to maintain control during a steep off-road descent.

In some conditions, engine braking alone may not be enough to reduce speed and the driver will need to use the brakes. This can cause the vehicle to lose control, however with DAC, the brakes will be automatically controlled to limit the vehicle's speed without locking the wheels.

Dynamic Radar Cruise Control (DRCC)

Dynamic Radar Cruise Control (DRCC) takes cruise control one step further. It controls the accelerator & the brakes allowing the driver to maintain a pre-set following distance behind the vehicle ahead.

Dynamic Radar Cruise Control uses a radar sensor to track vehicles in the lane ahead. If the system picks up a vehicle that is slower than the pre-set speed, or is closer than the pre-set following distance, it will automatically reduce the cruising speed to match that of the vehicle ahead and if necessary, will apply the brakes and activate the brake lights.

Once the road ahead clears or the vehicle ahead speeds up, Dynamic Radar Cruise Control will smoothly accelerate your vehicle to the previously selected cruising speed.

Dynamic Torque Control AWD

Dynamic Torque Control AWD is a further development of Active Torque Control 4WD.

Active Torque Control uses an electronically controlled coupling system to transfer power to the rear wheels only when needed, helping to improve fuel economy.

Dynamic Torque Control adds two new functions, Yaw Control & SPORT mode.

It also uses the fuel efficient electronically controlled coupling system, however torque transfer to the rear wheels now takes place not only when wheel slip is detected (as with Active Torque Control) but also when the system senses a possible loss of control such as understeer during cornering on-road (Yaw Control).

Dynamic Torque Control also features a SPORT mode. When selected, torque transfer to the rear wheels will start from the moment the steering wheel is turned.

As a result of these new functions, the overall agility and driving performance of the vehicle is enhanced during both on and off-road driving.

E

Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD)

Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD) is a system that maximises braking efficiency. EBD distributes the braking force between each wheel to maximise breaking power to the wheels with the most grip according to the driving conditions and the load in the vehicle.

It senses the weight distribution of the vehicle and redistributes the braking to each wheel so that the wheels with most weight on them receive the most brake force.

This helps prevent skidding and helps ensure that the car stops in the shortest distance possible.

EBD is especially useful when towing or carrying heavy loads.

Electronically Controlled automatic Transmission (ECT)

Unlike a conventional automatic, an Electronically controlled Continuously Variable Transmission can change seamlessly through an infinite number of gear ratios.

It uses a set of pulleys connected by a steel belt and the different gear ratios are achieved by changing the effective diameter of each pulley using electronically controlled hydraulic pressure.

An Electronically controlled Continuously Variable Transmission provides better fuel economy than other transmissions by enabling the engine to run at its most efficient speed. It is also much smoother in operation as there’s no “jerking” between gears.

Electronically Controlled automatic Transmission with Intelligence (ECT-i)

Provides smooth gear changes and the most appropriate gear ratio for the driving conditions.

The electronic control unit for the transmission monitors driver input, vehicle and engine speed, throttle position and even engine temperature and terrain, and adapts the gear change pattern to select the most appropriate gear to match the conditions.

It can also minimise gear shifts when travelling uphill and hold a lower gear when travelling downhill to maximise engine braking for better control and reduced fuel usage.

Toyota’s Electronically Controlled automatic Transmissions are carefully engineered to achieve the best overall balance of performance and economy.

Electronically Controlled Brake System (ECB-R)

Electronically Controlled Brake System (ECB-R) with Regenerative Brake Control – Perfect for the stop-start driving conditions in the city, ECB-R controllers divert kinetic energy which would normally be lost as heat and noise (or simply wasted), back to the battery, where it's recycled and can be used to power the electric motor later on

Electronically controlled Continuously Variable Transmission (E-CVT)

The CVT transmission incorporates speed ratio control logic, to respond instantly to driver intentions, giving you a smoother, more intuitive drive.

Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)

Gives the occupant freedom to move but also provides restraint in an emergency.

Allows the seatbelt to freely extend and retract when the occupant moves, yet locks the belt to help protect the occupants during a sudden stop or in certain types of collisions.

Emergency Stop Signal

The Emergency Stop Signal system blinks the stop lights or the hazard lights (depending on the model) to warn following drivers when emergency braking is occurring.

The system operates when the vehicles speed is greater than 55km/h and a significant deceleration force is detected.

The Emergency Stop Signal system has been proven to effectively reduce the reaction time for drivers behind getting them to operate their own brakes faster contributing to a reduction in rear-end accidents.

Note: Stop lights or hazard lights may be used depending on the model

Engine Immobiliser

This theft-deterrent system disables the engine until a specially coded key is detected by the vehicle.

The engine immobilizer is an anti-theft system. When a key is inserted into the ignition switch or a Smart Key fob is brought into the vehicle, the key transmits an electronic code. The engine will only start if the code in the transponder chip inside the key or Smart Key fob matches the code in the vehicle's immobiliser.

Exclusive Online Price (EOP)

This is the exclusive price offered by Toyota New Zealand for vehicle purchases completed and processed online using one of Toyota New Zealand’s e-commerce sites. This price is only applicable for selected vehicles.

F

Follow me home headlight system

Follow-Me-Home is a lighting system that keeps the headlights illuminated for a few moments as you walk away from your car. A convenient feature that should help you see your way safely to your door at night.

Fuel Consumption Rating

Fuel Consumption figures are tested under controlled conditions and are provided for comparison purposes, actual results will vary according to vehicle usage and operating conditions.

Vehicle designers, engineers and manufacturers are constantly working to improve the safety, emissions and fuel economy of modern vehicles. New Zealand's transport law includes requirements that vehicles must meet for these aspects.

Learn more about fuel consumption ratings

G

Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)

The maximum permissible total weight of the vehicle, as designed by the manufacturer, that may not be exceeded.

Includes the maximum amounts of fuel, coolant and all items of standard equipment including the spare tyre & tools etc., the weight of the passengers, the weight of the payload and the downward weight on the towball if towing a trailer.

Ground Clearance

The distance between the lowest point of the vehicle underbody and the ground.

A high ground clearance allows a vehicle to more easily drive off-road without damaging under-body components.

Note: Measured with the vehicle at its GVW (gross vehicle weight)

H

Head-Up Display (HUD)

More time looking at the road ahead means less possibility of an accident.

The Head-Up Display (HUD) projects key vehicle information onto the windscreen providing the driver with valuable data without them having to take their eyes off the road for a safer, more relaxed driving experience.

High Intensity Discharge (HID) Headlights

HID headlights produce a clear white light that is closer to natural daylight. This has been shown to reduce eye strain and improve driver concentration.

High Intensity Discharge (HID) lights use an electrical arc rather than a conventional glowing incandescent bulb.

The bulbs are filled with pressurized xenon gas that is “stimulated” by a pair of high-voltage electrodes. In effect, the gas becomes a filament that quickly ignites, turning other gases in the bulb into white-hot plasma light.

Xenon bulbs are capable of producing up to three times the light of a traditional halogen bulb of the same size, use less electricity and last several times longer.

High Rigidity Frame

A newly designed and exclusive high rigidity frame provides superior maneuverability and running stability while also offering a comfortable ride.

Hill-start Assist Control (HAC)

Assists the driver when starting on steep hills. It is particularly helpful on low-traction surfaces and when driving off road.

HAC is a driver aid designed to make it safer and easier to pull away from a standing start up a steep incline.

HAC prevents the vehicle from rolling backwards by applying the brakes for a short time after the brake pedal is released. The driver can then move their foot from the brake to the accelerator pedal without being concerned that the vehicle will roll back. 

 

 

Hybrid Operation

Toyota is a global leader in hybrid system development and engineering and has been mass-producing popular hybrid models since 1997.

Toyota’s hybrid technology seamlessly switches between battery and conventional engine power for a fuss-free hybrid driving experience. There’s no need to plug cables in, find the appropriate wall socket or be continually keeping an eye on your available range.

Hybrid Synergy Drive (HSD)

Toyota’s well proven Hybrid Synergy Drive provides excellent driving performance and outstanding fuel efficiency.

HSD refers to Toyota’s hybrid drivetrain that combines a petrol engine, two electric motor/generators, a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT), and a high-voltage battery pack.

Depending on the situation, Hybrid Synergy Drive can operate the vehicle in electric-only mode, petrol-only mode, or a combination of both.

I

Inclination Angle

This is the maximum angle that a vehicle can safely climb.

The greater the angle the better the vehicle will be for off-road work i.e. a larger inclination angle means an increased ability to cross severe terrain. 

Intelligent Park Assist (IPA)

Provides reliable, convenient and safe reverse parking even in tight spaces, without the need for steering input from the driver.

Cameras and sensors fitted to the vehicle first find a suitable parking space, then the system operates the steering to ensure the vehicle is parked safely and effortlessly - the driver only needs to control the car’s reversing speed.

ISOFIX Child Seat Anchor Points

ISOFIX is an international standardised fitting system, which provides the safest, easiest and quickest way to install a child car seat correctly without the need of vehicle seat belts.

ISOFIX stands for ISO (International Standardisation Organisation) plus FIX (Fixation).

ISOFIX is an alternative to securing the child seat with seat belts. Child seats are rigidly secured to the vehicle with two attachments at the base of each side of the seat.

ISOFIX is easy & quick to use and reduces the high occurrence of incorrectly installed child seats.

Note: If the child restraint has a top tether strap, the top tether strap should be latched onto the top tether strap anchor. If the child seat has a support leg, this should be firmly located on the floor.

J

K

Kerb Weight

The weight of an empty vehicle without a payload or driver but including the maximum amounts of fuel, coolant and all items of standard equipment including the spare tyre & tools etc.

Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS)

KDSS is an advanced suspension technology that reduces the compromises sometimes necessary in an off-road vehicle by providing longer wheel articulation off-road and greater body roll control on-road.

KDSS is an automatic, permanently active system that uses hydraulic linking of the suspension to effectively disconnect the stabiliser bars in off-road conditions where additional suspension travel is beneficial in keeping all four wheels firmly planted on the ground.

On-road, the stabilisers operate at their full potential, minimising body roll when cornering and enhancing steering response.

L

Lane Change Signal Function

The Lane Change Signal function has been designed to simplify the operation of the indicators when changing lanes.

The indicators will flash 3 times when the indicator switch is moved part way up or down.

The number of times the indicators flash can be changed if required.

  • Default Setting: 3 times
  • Customised Settings: 4 times or 7 times or OFF

Lane Departure Alert (LDA)

Lane Departure Alert is designed to assist the driver via a buzzer and a warning light if the system judges that the vehicle is unintentionally leaving its lane.

On lane marked roads, this system monitors the vehicle’s relative location to lane lines with a camera sensor.

Based on the present road or driving conditions, it can inform the driver of an unintended lane departure.

 

If it determines an unintended lane departure is about to occur, the system alerts the driver via an audible warning and visible cautions in the Multi-information Display.

Lane Keep Assist (LKA)

Helps to ensure the vehicle remains in the centre of the lane.

Lane Keeping Assist uses specialised cameras to monitor the lane markings on the highway, notifying the driver if the vehicle begins to drift.

LKA gently applies steering inputs through the Electric Power Steering (EPS) when the vehicle shows signs of departing from the centre of the current lane, assisting and prompting the driver to take action.

The system is simply over-ridden should an actual lane change be required using normal steering force.


Limited Slip Differential (LSD)

Should a drive wheel begin to spin, a limited slip differential enables engine power to be transmitted to the wheel that is not spinning and so provide some traction.

This differential has a mechanism to limit the speed differences between two wheels on the same axle to ensure that some torque is always distributed to both wheels, even when one has very little grip.

Luggage Capacity

The luggage capacity for Toyota & Lexus models is measured using an international standard called the VDA method (VDA is short for Verband der Automobilindustrie, which is the German automobile industry association).

The VDA figure is determined by filling the loadspace with one litre blocks, each measuring 200x100x50mm. The luggage space is filled with as many of these blocks as possible, then they are counted and the result is the luggage capacity in litres.

Therefore if a vehicle has a VDA luggage capacity of 195 litres (3rd row up - to top of seat back), it means that 195, 1 litre blocks (measuring 200x50x100mm) can fit in that particular luggage space.

When comparing vehicles, it is very important to note both the measurement standard and the actual area that is being measured. Unless otherwise stated, Toyota & Lexus both use the VDA standard and the measurement area is up to the top of the seat back. Some manufactures measure up to the roof, however it is not safe to load a vehicle in this manner unless a cargo barrier is fitted.

A measurement up to the top of the seat back gives a customer the best idea of the load they can safely carry in normal day-to-day use.

M

Minimum Turning Circle

This is the minimum distance in which a vehicle can make a turn.

There are two measurements commonly used-

  • 'Minimum Turning Circle (Body)' or 'Wall-to-Wall Turning Circle '
  • 'Minimum Turning Circle (Tyre)' or 'Kerb-to-Kerb Turning Circle'.

Kerb-to-kerb turning circle is the smallest circle the vehicle can turn without having the front wheels go over the kerbs on either side of a street.

Wall-to-wall turning circle is the smallest circle the vehicle can turn without the forward corners of the front bumper touching the walls on either side of an alley. The wall-to-wall turning circle is always greater than the kerb-to-kerb turning circle.

Of the two, the kerb-to-kerb turning circle is the most commonly used because vehicles usually have to manoeuvre in open streets more often than in confined alleys. 

Be aware that sometimes it's the radius, not the diameter that is being quoted. Thus, a vehicle with a 5.2 metre kerb-to-kerb turning radius can turn around in a 10.4 metre wide street without the front wheels going over the kerbs.

The minimum turning circle is dependent on several factors including the steering specifications, the length & width of the vehicle and its wheelbase. All other things being equal, a smaller vehicle will offer a smaller turning circle.

Multi-Information Display (MID)

A Multi-Information Display (MID) is a screen located within the instrument panel that can display helpful information to the driver.

Depending on the model, features can include; gear position, driving range, average speed, distance travelled, current and average fuel consumption, hybrid system information, warning functions, steering wheel angle display, digital speed and turn-by-turn navigation displays.

The same screen can also be used to display audio and air conditioning system settings.

Multi-Terrain ABS

Stopping distances when using ABS are longer in sand and dirt for example than on dry asphalt, however Multi-Terrain ABS is able to detect various different driving conditions and tailor the braking force specifically for those situations.

Multi-Terrain ABS provides reduced stopping distances across a wide range of off-road conditions, including loose surfaces such as dirt, sand and gravel.

On loose surfaces, this system lets the wheels lock to a certain extent to help them dig into the surface and provide increased stopping power.

On paved roads, this system prevents the wheels from locking in the same way as a conventional ABS system.

Multi-Terrain Monitor (MTM)

The Multi-Terrain Monitor helps guide the driver through challenging conditions.

Strategically placed cameras give the driver a unique view and working together with the steering angle display, the driver is informed of the vehicles exact surroundings and driving direction without having to leave the cabin.

The Multi-Terrain Monitor is also useful when reversing, parking and when exiting an area with limited vision to the sides e.g. a driveway with a high fence.

Multi-Terrain Select (MTS)

Multi-Terrain Select automatically adjusts the engine output and the brakes to provide maximum traction for the driver-selected off-road condition.

In the past, drivers have had to skilfully operate the accelerator and brakes in a manner suited to the terrain to ensure traction. Now, by simply selecting the appropriate terrain using MTS, even novice drivers can take on challenging off-road scenarios with confidence.

N

O

Off-Road Turn Assist

On slippery road surfaces, Off-Road Turn Assist makes tight turns easier and helps reduce possible damage to the vehicle.

Off-Road Turn Assist helps with the tight turns required when driving in low speed off-road conditions by braking the inside rear wheel.

P

Paddle Shifters

A feature of some automatics that gives the driver manual control of the transmission for a more engaging driving experience.

Paddle shifters allow the driver to change gears while keeping their hands on the steering wheel for a sportier driving experience.

Parking Assist

Parking in the most awkward spaces is now more convienant. Whether it's rear-to-curb or a parallel park, the ultra-sonic sensor will monitor the parking space, guide you to begin the parking manoeuver from the best position and the system takes over the steering for you - for a great park every time.

PHEV Operation

The Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) gives you the option to travel in EV (electric vehicle) mode for up to about 26kms at speeds of up to 100km/hr. Normal hybrids can only travel in EV mode for approximately 3kms before having to switch to Hybrid Vehicle (HV) mode. The PHEV has an advanced lithium-ion battery to make this possible.

If the battery power for EV mode is depleted, the PHEV simply switches to Hybrid Vehicle mode allowing you to travel as far as a conventional petrol vehicle as well as recharging the battery.

Pop-Up Hood

The Pop Up Hood (PUH) has been developed to help reduce injuries to pedestrians.

In the event of a collision with a pedestrian, the PUH uses pressure sensors mounted in the front bumper to detect the impact and respond by automatically raising the rear of the bonnet.

This creates more space underneath the bonnet to help cushion the blow and reduce the possibility of a serious impact to the pedestrian’s head area by adding clearance between the bonnet and the engine compartment.

Pre-Crash Safety system (PCS)

The Pre-Crash Safety System can determine if a frontal collision is imminent and warn the driver to brake. If an impact is unavoidable, PCS can retract the seatbelts and decrease the impact speed to reduce the amount of damage to the vehicle and the risk of serious injury to the occupants.

PCS uses radar to detect objects or vehicles on the road ahead, predicts if an imminent collision is likely to occur and engages a series of actions before the event.

If the system determines there is a risk of a collision occurring, it emits an audio-visual warning to advise the driver that they should apply the brakes. The PCS system also prepares the seatbelt pre-tensioners and readies the Emergency Brake Assist system to provide maximum braking efficiency as soon as the driver’s foot touches the pedal.

If the vehicle maintains its course and a collision becomes unavoidable, the front seatbelts are pre-tensioned and the brakes are applied automatically to reduce the impact speed.

Pre-Tensioners and Force Limiters

Combined, these devices help reduce the distance the occupant's move, while reducing the impact applied by the seatbelt to the chest in a frontal collision.

A pre-tensioner automatically retracts the seatbelt and helps secure the occupant at the moment of severe forward deceleration.

If the shoulder belt forces applied to the occupant reach a predetermined amount, then the force limiter allows the webbing to extend to help reduce pressure on the occupant’s chest.

Privacy Glass

Privacy glass helps prevent viewing the interior of the vehicle.

These dark-tint windows offer some “one-way” visibility, so passengers can see out, but pedestrians and people outside the vehicle will have difficulty seeing in.

Q

R

Radar Cruise Control

Rain Sensing Wipers

The rain sensing wiper system is designed to detect the amount of water on the windscreen, switch the wipers on or off and adjust the wiper speed automatically.

The wipers are fully automatic, but also have a manual control for conventional operation if required.

Ramp Break-Over Angle

Measured from the centre of the underbody to the ground contact points of the front and rear tyres, this is a measure of a vehicle's ability to drive over a sharp ridge or ramp without touching its underside.

The greater the angle the better the vehicle will be for off-road work i.e. a larger ramp break-over angle means an increased ability to cross severe terrain.

Note: A short wheelbase vehicle with large tires will have the best (largest) ramp break-over angle.

Rear Cross Traffic Alert

Rear Cross Traffic Alert (RCTA) uses radar when reversing to detect cross-traffic that may intersect with your vehicle's path.

When an approaching object (either a vehicle or pedestrian) is detected, RCTA sounds a warning and flashes the outer rear view mirror indicator lights.

Recommended Retail Price (RRP)

The recommended retail prices are recommended only and there is no obligation for us or our dealers to comply with the recommendation. When on-road costs are applicable, these are specified as additional to the prices shown. 

Recommended Selling Price (RSP)

The recommended selling prices are recommended only and there is no obligation for us or our dealers to comply with the recommendation. When on-road costs are applicable, these are specified as additional to the prices shown. 

Reversing Monitor

Displays the area at the rear of the vehicle on a screen, when the vehicle is in reverse.

This improves rear-end visibility to make reversing easier and safer.

A reversing camera is an excellent safety aid. As well as helping to park without damaging the car, it helps identify small hazards behind the vehicle that are not easy to see such as prams, small children and pets.

Some models also feature Guide Lines which overlay path prediction lines onto the rear view image to make reversing even easier - Refer to video.

Roll-Over Angle

This is the maximum sideways angle a vehicle can lean before rolling over.

The greater the angle the better the vehicle will be for off-road work i.e. a larger roll-over angle means an increased ability to cross severe terrain. 

S

Smart Entry and Start System

Allows the doors to be locked & unlocked and the engine started by simply carrying the smart key in a pocket, bag or purse.

Because there is no requirement to insert the key into a slot, the Smart Entry and Start System is very convenient especially if approaching the vehicle carrying a load.

Stop & Start System

The Stop & Start System is designed to reduce fuel consumption by automatically stopping the engine when the vehicle comes to a halt.

Releasing the brake pedal will restart the engine without requiring any extra effort from the driver.

SUNA™ Traffic Avoidance System

SUNA™ Traffic Channel broadcasts real-time traffic information directly to a compatible navigation system, keeping the driver informed of adverse traffic conditions ahead and suggesting alternative routes to avoid congestion.

SUNA broadcasts real-time traffic information directly to the navigation system which then displays this information as a warning or other message applicable to the vehicles location.

Armed with this knowledge of real-time road conditions, the navigation system can inform the driver of conditions ahead and recommend routes that minimise congestion and delays.

No additional hardware or software is required. The vehicles navigation system will automatically connect to the SUNA broadcast and continually update as soon as new traffic messages are received.

SUNA traffic is a specially broadcast service and requires no mobile phone to operate, so no phone charges are incurred in accessing the service.

The driver does not have to tune the vehicles radio to an FM frequency to receive SUNA traffic updates as the navigation system has a separate built-in FM receiver. This also means that SUNA traffic updates will not interfere with the vehicles radio reception or operation.

There are no set-up charges or procedures for SUNA. It will work as soon as the navigation system is operating. In addition, the vehicle is entitled to lifetime access to SUNA traffic updates with no on-going costs or subscriptions.

  • Real-time traffic updates for navigation systems
  • Provides an alternative route if a delay is detected
  • Operates 24 / 7
  • No set-up or additional costs
  • No phone data usage

T

Tachometer

An instrument usually mounted next to the speedometer that indicates the engine’s crankshaft rotation speed in revolutions per minute (RPM).

On vehicles with a manual transmission, the tachometer can assist the driver in selecting the appropriate gear for the existing conditions.

With most tachometers, speeds above the safe operating limit are typically indicated by a red mark. This is why the maximum safe operating speed of an engine is called the “redline.”

Tilt and Telescopic Steering Wheel Adjustment

Because not all drivers are created equal, this feature allows the driver to move the steering wheel forward or back, up or down, to find the most comfortable driving position.

Some models feature a power adjustable tilt and telescoping steering column.

This system uses two motors in the steering column to adjust the steering wheel position, controlled by a small joystick mounted on the lower steering column or dashboard: one to tilt the wheel, the other to telescope the steering column moving it closer/farther away from the driver.

Toyota Link

Q. What is Toyota Link?

A. Toyota Link is a multi-media system that works with compatible smartphones to access a suite of apps. Providing real-time information through your vehicle’s touchscreen display, the apps can perform useful functions such as weather forecasts, finding petrol station locations, or searching for local accommodation, restaurants and businesses. Unfortunately Toyota Link is currently not available to New Zealand drivers.

Q. Which vehicles have Toyota Link?

A. Some models produced from mid-2013 have the Toyota Link icon on the audio screen, however this service is not currently operational in New Zealand.

Q. When will Toyota Link be available in NZ?

A. We are constantly reviewing products to check their suitability for Toyota customers here in New Zealand – so the suite of Toyota Link apps is under study, however this service will not be available in the short term. At the moment while you are out and about, mobile devices offer the fastest and cheapest way to access information with a myriad of useful apps available. Smartphones can be paired to your vehicle’s audio via Bluetooth to access some functions, complimenting existing multi-media features in your vehicle. As new technology becomes available, we will be sure and let our customers know.

Q. What multi-media features do Toyota vehicles have?

A. In addition to common features like a CD player, touchscreen and USB connection, some Toyota vehicles are also equipped with satellite navigation with SUNA traffic to aid you in getting to your destination while avoiding traffic congestion and road hazards. To make communication easier there is Bluetooth for hands-free phone calls and audio streaming, plus voice recognition, SMS and email capability to mention a few. 

Toyota Safety Sense (TSS)

Toyota Safety Sense is a package of active safety systems designed to keep you and your passengers protected in all types of traffic. Around town and at lower speeds Toyota Safety Sense can help prevent collisions entirely, while on the open road and at higher speeds it aims to reduce the severity of any impact by supporting your awareness and decision-making with leading safety technology. Includes a Pre-Crash Safety System (PCS), Lane Departure Alert (LDA), Automatic High Beam (AHB) and Dynamic Radar Cruise Control (DRCC).

*DRCC is not available on all models fitted with Toyota Safety Sense

Traction Control (TRC)

Helps to prevent wheel slippage when the vehicle is starting or accelerating on wet or slippery roads.

The Traction Control system monitors the speed of all 4 wheels. If any of the drive wheels begin to slip during acceleration, Traction Control slightly applies the brakes to the slipping wheel(s) and reduces engine power to maintain traction. 

Trailer Sway Control

Trailer Sway Control helps the driver to retain control if the trailer becomes unstable due to high winds, bumpy roads, incorrect steering operation, an unbalanced load etc.

If trailer sway is detected, the system controls the braking of each wheel while simultaneously reducing engine power output and thereby reducing the vehicles speed until the sway is no longer detected.

By controlling the brakes as well as the engine power, trailer sway can be reduced more quickly than by simply decelerating the vehicle.

U

V

Variable Valve Timing with intelligence (VVT-i)

VVT-i automatically makes instant adjustments to the timing of the valves depending on whether the vehicle is accelerating, slowing down or cruising. This optimises performance and results in a highly responsive, dynamic driving experience plus excellent fuel economy.

Dual VVT-i provides even greater improvements, by independently varying the exhaust valve timing as well as the intake valve timing.

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

The VIN number (17 alpha/numeric Vehicle Identification Number) is your vehicles unique identifier and will help us identify if your vehicle is part of a recall. The number can be found on the silver stamped plate located on the firewall under the bonnet. 

Vehicle Stability Control (VSC)

VSC helps the driver correct a loss of control if it detects that the vehicle is starting to skid or slide due to factors like an abrupt steering input or a slippery road surface.

Vehicle Stability Control (VSC) compares the vehicle's direction of travel with the driver's steering, acceleration and braking inputs.

If the vehicle is deviating from the intended direction, VSC is designed to warn the driver, reduce engine power and control the brakes to help the driver to correct the situation.

Note: Depending on the vehicle manufacturer, this system may also be known as Electronic Stability Control (ESC), Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Dynamic Stability Control (DSC),Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC), Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA), Active Stability Control (ASC) etc.

Vehicle Stability Control plus (VSC+)

VSC+ works in a very similar way to VSC, however when it detects a skid or slide is starting, in addition to braking the appropriate wheel & reducing engine power, VSC+ also helps the driver to apply steering correction in the right direction.

 

W

Wading Depth

The maximum depth of water a vehicle may safely cross -

  • Maximum Speed: 10km/h
  • Still water

If this is exceeded the vehicle could suck water into the air filter and then into the engine. This can cause serious (& expensive) damage.

Crossing water is one of the most difficult things to do in a 4WD, but can be made much easier if the basics are understood. The following list provides some of these but water crossings are not recommended for novice drivers without an experienced off-roader to assist:

  • Check the water for all conditions BEFORE attempting a crossing e.g. depth, current, debris, obstacles, river bed condition
  • Check the entry & exit points
  • The use of seat belts is not recommended (in case a quick exit is necessary)
  • Know where the engines air intake is located and ensure it will not become submerged during the crossing
  • Use four wheel drive, low range, second gear
  • Steady and consistent accelerator pedal operation
  • Approach at a shallow angle and at low speed
  • Once in the water, gently accelerate to form a bow wave in front of the vehicle as it pushes through the water
  • Do not stop in the water, stall or turn off the engine
  • Test the operation of the brakes immediately after the crossing

Wheelbase

The distance between the centre of the front and rear wheels.

Note: A vehicle with a longer wheelbase generally provides a more comfortable ride and increases interior space, but loses the convenience of a smaller turning circle.

Whiplash Injury Lessening (WIL)

Helps reduce the risk of whiplash injuries in lower speed rear-end collisions.

Whiplash Injury Lessening (WIL) seats are designed to reduce the likelihood of neck injury to occupants in the event of a rear end collision.

During a rear end collision the upper body is able to sink deeper into the seat back to allow the head to be restrained naturally by the head restraint.

Windscreen wipers

Windscreen wipers – Variable intermittent and mist functions.

X

Y

Z